List of translations
6ax = 2nd person pronoun
6hlaalaan = lips; believe, think (NOM); say, talk, argue (ERG)
chkwk = arm; hold, rend, grasp
cjokga = (period of) time
ckvk = 3rd person pronoun
craecraecr = Malefactive case
craeq = tooth; bite, chew, eat
crool = fire; be angry
cxaqqokhqyyx = cause, occur, happen, make
gchan = Nominative case
ggoo6vx = Benefactive case
ggyj = fist; hit, fight, punch, beat, etc.
grkae6 = claw(s); claw, pick
grsak = "wanting" post-verbal, so "(I go) grsak" could mean "I want to go"
grsakjjel = stomach; want, need, be necessary
gyjkwl = hand; smash, hit, beat
j'akrjjakr = musical instrument
jjho- = male (noun prefix)
jkwgr- = go, leave, away, from (verb prefix)
jryylcyj = Allative case (to)
jryylgryj = Locative case (at)
jryylqyj = Ellative case (from)
k'vgyn = Dative case
k'yckyn = cave, hole, dwelling
k'yk'ac = to run
kegaek = arrive, come
kgaek- = arrive, come, to (verb prefix)
kgan = Ergative case
kgw- = female (noun prefix)
khwkrol = Instrumental case
kkakkac = leg, foot; walk, kick
kkexk'aes = ghost, evil spirit, etc. (lit. dark-demon)
krk'vkh = eye; see (NOM); look (ERG)
kvqrcagr = heart, heartbeat; chant, sing, beat (of heart)
l6eccek = Inference evidential
l6ekcak = Hearsay evidential
l6eq'vkr = Maybe evidential
l6okkokh = First-hand, visual evidential
l6wkkvk' = General knowledge evidential
l6yckvkh = First-hand, nonvisual evidential
lyq = 1st person pronoun
n6aejgaekr = Doubtful evidential
ngan = Accusative case
-ojael = Future.Relative copula form (equivalent to "6aeael (be)")
q'crwn = non-adult of same clan
qqac = this
qrooqrooljhyyn = parent, ancestor
-qwwn = some, a particular, one (nominal suffix)
qysswjjwwn = cease, stop, end
sses = tremble, shake
xaggaal = throat; growl, yell
xvjkwgr = go, leave
"Gwc cxaqqokhqyyx", 6oj 6hlaalaan c'aeaes kgan lyq l6yckvkh. Ngan qqac kcvl
6hlaalaan c'aeaes gchan lyq.
Grych q'crwn gchan lyq jryylgryj qqac cjokga. Ggoo6vx lyq kcvl grsakjjel
c'aeaes gchan kgw-qrooqrooljhyyn, grych 6hlaalaan gchan lyq. Grych 6hlaalaan
xaech-c'aeaes gchan kqw-qrooqrooljhyyn-qrooqrooljhyyn l6eccek. Jryylgryj
cocrlwq-qwwn jryylcyj k'yckyn k'vgyn lyq grych kkakkac kgan jjho-qrooqrooljhyyn
l6okkokh. Qvj kvqrcagr kgan lyq, grych grsakjjel kgan ckvk. Khwkrol
j'akrjjakr grych sses-sses-gyjkwl-gyjkwl kgan ckvk jryylgryj cjokga-cjokga.
Krcryl kegaek krcryl xaggaal kgan kkexk'aes c'vk', l6okkokh. Krcryl sses gchan
jjho-qrooqrooljhyyn, ngan kkexk'aes krcryl craeq-grkae6-chkwk-ggyj kgan
kgw-qrooqrooljhyyn l6okkokh. Krcryl jkwgr-k'yk'ac kgan lyq. Ngan kkexk'aes
krcryl qysswjjwwn c'aeaes kgan lyq l6eccek. Ngan qysswjjwwn-ojael xaech krcryl
6hlaalaan c'aeaes gchan lyq. Craecraecr qrooqrooljhyyn-qrooqrooljhyyn krcryl
crool c'aeaes gchan lyq, krcryl krk'vkh-grsakjjel grsak gchan lyq.
Gwc cxaqqokhqyyx c'vk' l6okkokh jryylgryj cocrlwq-c'aeaes, 6oj 6hlaalaan
c'aeaes kgan lyq l6yckvkh.
"It happened", I won't say. I don't believe this.
I was a child at this time. I thought I didn't need a mother. It seemed
mothers couldn't think. One time my father came to me at home. He wanted
me to sing. He was playing (lit. beating and shaking) a musical-instrument
(j'akrjjakr). Then an evil-spirit suddenly comes and growls and yells.
Father was shaking so much. My mother then attacks and fights the spirit.
I run away. It seems I can't make the spirit stop. I didn't think I could
ever make it stop. I am not angry at my parents. I am jealous.
This happened, I swear! Never will I speak of this.
Case markers (precedes noun-phrase):
|Ergative ||kgan||(active subject)|
|Accusative ||ngan||(direct object, patient)|
|Nominative ||gchan||(inactive subject)|
|Dative ||k'vgyn||(indirect objects, also possessors)|
|Benefactive ||ggoo6vx||(beneficiary, s.o. who benefits from action)|
|Malefactive ||craecraecr||(s.o. who suffers from action or is harmed)|
|Instrumental ||khwkrol||(instrument or tool)|
|Locative ||jryylgryj||(location, 'at')|
|Allative ||jryylcyj||(motion towards, 'to')|
|Ellative ||jryylqyj||(motion away, 'from')|
|Vocative ||ccocok|| |
Verb TMA Preverbal Particles (precedes verb):
|Past ||gwc ||grych ||gool ||k'eq|
|Present||kcvl ||krcryl ||kyyl ||qvj|
|Future ||6oj ||6ryjh ||6aeael ||jrog||
Pronouns (unmarked for number):
Post-Verbals (immediately follows verb):
|Often/Much ||(Reduplicate Tense-Mood Particle)|
|Continuous ||(Reduplicate Verb)||
|General knowledge ||l6wkkvk'|
|First-hand, visual ||l6okkokh|
|First-hand, nonvisual ||l6yckvkh|
Vowels are: o, a, e, ae, w, v, y
Consonants are: l, s, x, j, g, 6, c, k, q, (plus diacrits: ', h, r)
Word order is generally OVS. Adjectives precede nouns.
Reduplication is used for marking plurality of nouns, comparatives of
adjectives, continuous mood of verbs and occasionally for general emphasis.
Case marking is fairly flexible. Ergative marks an agentive, active
participant; nominative a more passive participant; accusative marks the
ngan ckvk gwc krk'vkh kgan lyq
ACC 3rd Past.Abs see/look ERG 1st
I looked at him.
ngan ckvk gwc krk'vkh gchan lyq
ACC 3rd Past.Abs see/look NOM 1st
I saw him.
You can look at http://math.berkeley.edu/~apollo/my-conlangs/chrol7.html for more examples.