Relay 10/R

List of translations

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anal joy
azd skin
beb and
benglog therefore
dád with
daurro ask
deak 3.s.dat
deku 3.s.acc
demva There were (irregular verb)
dresho eat
en thing
enil this
endau what
gelo go
gwendo hide
gze Descriptive of that horrible creeping feeling that something is unnaturally wrong.
iieb (+adessive) near, (+allative) towards, (+inessive) into
iðuzho see
kám fate
lengo sing
lisk dear
mádepo watch over, guard, mind.
o such that
omdapo attack
ol person
perret window
po woman
relg house
rugo give
she no, not
shosh but
sivolg story
su all
tawz remainder
tiw village
þaðo do
þaðóngo should
ulev child
ugrin wicked
vo know
vrima beauty
wito play
wízzo hurl
zhif entrails
zhrak tear apart
znaruto fall


Peter Bleackley

Ring A

sivolg ulevuz o va deku

iðuzh tiwoleu liskeu. vá kámgu gzeku o iamma znarudia suwania.
demvá ulev ugrin beb po vrimal. enil po iieb relgip geling ulevgu mádepo. ulevgu analrugo dád deak witing beb deak lenging. shosh ulev deku omdaping, azdgu iuz zhraking, zhifku iuz dreshing, beb táwzgu perretku wízzing. þaðóngá endau þaðo? she vá endau þaðo. benglog gwendé, beb enil enuz she dauwgi voshtsheolá daurrongu.

The story that I know of the child

See, dear villagers, we know an unnatural fate that is falling upon us completely.
There were a wicked child and a beautiful woman. This woman went into the house to mind the child. To delight the child she played with it and sang to it. But the child attacked her, tore apart her skin, ate her entrails, and hurled the rest through the window.
What should we do?
We do no know what to do.
Therefore you hide, and strangers shall not ask a question about these things.


Inflecting. Pro-drop to the extent that personal pronouns lack nominative forms altogether. Variable word order - Noun phrases occurring before the verb are definite, those occurring after the verb are indefinite. Modifiers usually follow the word they modify, and agree with them. Demonstratives and the like precede the word they refer to. Compounds are head last.

Phonotactics and sandhi

The following phonotactic rules affect morphological processes in Mágikimnaz:

  1. Consonants in clusters assimilate by voicing. If a cluster contains a sonorant, the whole cluster is voiced. Otherwise, assimilate to the voicing of the first element.
  2. Vowel hiatus is not allowed, even between words. Therefore, between vowels in hiatus and before initial vowels, [j] appears epenthetically. This is not written. When a vowel-initial word compounds with a consonant-final one, the epenthetic [j] is lost. However, there also exists a phonemic [j], written with the same symbol as [i]. Both are written {i} here. This behaves as a sonorant in compounds.
  3. {r} [4] and {rr} [r] may only occur before vowels. If morphological processes cause a rhotic to be word final, or pre-consonantal, the following processes occur.
          a) Any preceeding vowel, if short, is lengthened.
          b) Any following consonant, if voiceless, is voiced.
          c) [4] is lost, [r]=>[w].

Accents used in the text indicate long vowels.


Nouns have the following cases, marked by suffixes:

              SING   PL
NOMINATIVE           á
ACCUSATIVE    ku     gwu
GENITIVE      uz     zá
DATIVE        ak     gá
ADESSIVE      ut     tú
INESSIVE      ip     pá
ALLATIVE      am     amma
INSTRUMENTAL  ol     oal
VOCATIVE      ie     eu

The accusative can also describe the path of motion - this must be deduced from context.
Remember to watch out for sandhi!
Prepositions have different meanings according to which case they occur with. Pronouns are quite irregular. All the pronoun forms which occur here are listed in the vocab.

Verbs are listed as the present infinitive, which is marked by the suffix -o.
The bare stem is used as the imperative for most verbs, although for vo the second person future is used.
The entire verb paradigm is far too long to quote here, so I'll just give the tenses and aspects found in the text. These endings replace the -o.

Present simple
        SING    PL
1       a       á
2       e       é
3       i       í

Present continuous
1       æ       aiá
2       ei      eiá
3       ia      iá

Past simple
1       ang     gá
2       eng     gé
3       ing     gí

Future simple
1       ak      ká
2       ek      ké
3       ik      ki

Again, watch out for sandhi.
There is one irregular verb form in the text. This is listed in the vocab.

The present participle is formed by adding -n to the infinitive, and the past participle by adding -sht to the infinitive.

Derivational suffixes

The following occur in the text:
-l Forms adjectives "Characterised by"
-wan Forms adverbs.
-she Forms Antonyms.

© Jan van Steenbergen, Peter Bleackley, 2 Sept. 2004