Relay 10/R

List of translations

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an = being (n.)
as = he (prn.)
da = conditional mood indicator
es = you (prn.)
fer = mother (n.)
fol = woman (n.)
goru = so that, in order to (conj.)
goveyon = consider (v.)
guhamaled = tear to pieces (v.)
ha = past tense indicator
haopejol = one day, once (adv.)
is = I (prn.)
jarakan = jealous (adj.)
jelar = be able, can (v.)
julijan = strong (adj.)
kagan = evil (adj.)
kar = father (n.)
lan = child (n.)
magar = relieve (v.)
maruj = care (v.)
melev = speak, talk (v.)
meleyev = call, summon (v.)
milon = say, tell (v.)
na = future tense indicator
nozaged = stand away, back (v.)
nu = but (conj.)
or = be (v.)
paleju = indeed, truly (conj.)
par = do (v.)
pimiv = eat (v.)
reye = no one, nothing (corr. prn.)
ri = negative mood indicator
rodo = into (prep.)
rug = spirit (n.)
rumiran = angry (adj.)
sean = this, these (dem. adj.)
semejan = beautiful (adj.)
seon = at that time, then (correl.)
seyen = thus (conj.)
si = continuous or relative mood indicador (see below)
temij = occur, happen (v.)
temijeyil = event, happening (n.)
to = about (prep.)
tolix = very
tor = house (n.)
tulejan = clear, plain (adj.)
u = or (conj.)
vi = interrogative mood indicator
xalev = sing (v.)
xe = that (conj.)
xeye = which (rel. prn.)
xi = emphatic or positive mood indicator
xojeresum = continuously play (an instrument) (v.)
xu = and (conj.)
xumen = also (conj.)
xumeyed = enter (v.)
zimul = prevent (v.)

Xara (*)

Jim Taylor

Ring B

temijeyilme, xeyemeyer esir si na milonis, vi ha temijasme? na magares xe xi u ri ha temijasme? lan si ha oris, to fer isar ha marujis. ha oras fol semejan tolix. rodo tor ha xumeyedas haopejol goru kar isar isir da xalevas. nu seon xumen ha xojeresumas xu seyen ruger kagan tolix ha meleyevas. an julijan sean aser ha guhamaledas xu aser ha pimivas. is xu fer isar ha nozagedisme reyer si ha parisme goru aser zimul. ha jelarisme reyer par goru aser zimul. isir ha oros tulejan xu ri ha jelaris goveyon si ha melevis u rumiran u jarakan si ha oris. paleju reyeir ha melevis totemijeyilme sean.

Did the events I am about to relate truly happen? Would you believe that they did or that they did not? As a child I cared about my mother. She was a woman of great beauty. One day she went into the house so that my father might sing for me. But on that occasion he also played continuously, and in doing so evoked a spirit of great evil. This strong being tore him to pieces and eat him. My mother and I stood back and did nothing to stop it. We could do nothing to stop it! It was all clear to me and I could not contemplate speaking or being irritated or jealous. Indeed, I spoke to no-one of these events.

Notes on grammar


-ar = genitive
-as = 3rd person
-er = accusative
-es = 2nd person
-ir = dative
-is = 1st person
-me(y) = plural
-os = impersonal pronoun

The definite and indefinite articles are not expressed in Xara.
Adjectives are invariable and don't agree with nouns they qualify.

Word Order

usually: subject - adjective - (direct or indirect) object - verb - adverb

Suffix Order

nouns and pronouns: plural suffix - declensional suffix
verbs: personal pronoun suffix - plural suffix


mood indicator – tense indicator – verb – personal pronoun suffix – plural suffix

The mood indicator si

This mood indicator has the following functions:

  1. to indicate a continuous action
  2. with verbs in all relative clauses
  3. to create the sense of the English present or past participles

© Jan van Steenbergen, Jim Taylor, 20 Aug. 2004